If you enrolled in a higher learning institution, subsistence allowance rates are paid.Full time means taking at least 12 credit hours in a term, three-quarters time is defined as at least 9 credit hours in a term, and half time is taking at least 6 credit hours in a term.
The monthly rates are the same as the institutional rates if you enroll in a non-pay or nominal-pay work experience program in a federal, state, local or federally recognized Indian tribe agency. Public Law 102-477 allows federal, state, or local recognized Indian tribes to use federal grants to establish work-experience programs for members of their tribe. The veteran has to be entitled to Chapter 31 benefits and also be a member of the tribe. For work experience program entitlement, full-time means 40 hours per week, three-quarters time equals 30 hours per week and half-time is 20 hours per week.
Non-Pay on-the-Job Training Programs
The government pays a monthly subsistence allowance for full-time training only in the following training programs:
Nominal-pay or non-pay training in a federal, state, or local program or a federally recognized Indian tribe agency.
Training in the home: Distance learning courses and correspondence courses not part of accredited colleges or universities are included.
Vocational course in a rehabilitation facility or sheltered workshop: Many shelters and rehabilitation facilities provide vocational courses that can qualify you for a monthly subsistence allowance.
Institutional Nonfarm Cooperative
A co-op is a business that is controlled and owned equally by the people who work at it and use its services.
A work experience program gives job experience that you can use on a resume to increase your employability. On the job training is a more formal, specific training that leads to full-time employment once training is complete.
Farm cooperatives and nonfarm cooperatives are the same, except they work in agriculture and livestock fields. These cooperatives receive tax breaks, so they are required to pay Chapter 31 veterans who train with them.
Other Types of Programs
Subsistence allowance is paid for nonfarm cooperative institutional training and nonfarm cooperative on-the-job training that is not operated by a recognized Indian tribe.
Participating in a VA Work-Study Program
In a work-study program, you work between enrollment periods of your vocational or educational training. You use the VA benefits to gain a skill then work with the VA to provide outreach services, prepare paperwork, or perform other activities. You earn an hourly wage, (similar to minimum wage), and as much as 40 percent of your total work-study allowance can be paid in advance. The total number of hours you can work cannot be more than 25 times the number of weeks in any enrollment period.
Using Benefits Beyond Education and Training
If the VA determines that you don’t need educational or vocational training to meet your employment objectives, you can receive other benefits.
Comprehensive rehabilitation evaluation to determine abilities, skills, interests, and needs: This includes interviews and tests to help you find what field you would like to enter and are best suited for.
Vocational counseling and rehabilitation planning: Counselors help you make a list of goals to lead to your job.
Employment services such as job-seeking skills, resume development, and other work readiness assistance: VA counselors help you look for a job and build your resume.
Assistance finding and keeping a job, including the use of special employer incentives: The VA helps locate employers who give job preference to veterans.
Supportive rehabilitation services, including case management, counseling, and referral: These services provide counseling, support from the VA and feedback.
Independent Living Services
If you have a serious enough disability where you cannot perform daily activities without assistance, the VA can help you transition to independent living.