General Info about Disability Payment Rates For information regarding compensation, pension, payment rates, eligibility and application, click on the appropriate links. The VA first finds evidence to prove that the disability is due to the military service of the veteran and then decides on the compensation to be paid. The difference between your yearly income and your countable family income is paid by VA in 12 monthly payments. The time taken to process claims is usually six months but is dependent on the complexity of the disability and the availability of the evidence needed for the claim. Additional amounts are paid in cases of severe disabilities. There is a difference between VA disability compensation and VA pension, so it is best to contact a VA regional office and talk to a representative.