The following are the ways in which veterans preference is applied: Veterans Recruitment Appointment (VRA) The veterans who qualify under VRA for preference include Disabled Veterans Veteran who served on active duty in the Armed Forces during a war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge is authorized Veterans who, while serving in the Armed Forces, participated in a military operation for which an Armed Forces Service Medal was awarded Recently separated veterans, meaning veterans who separated from active duty within the last three years. These veterans are entitled to an additional 5 or 10 points added onto their earned rating in a competitive civil service examination. In all other situations (for example, selection from a merit promotion list or other “internal” action such as reassignment, transfer, or reinstatement), veterans’ preference is not a factor. A basic principle of Federal employment is that all candidates must meet the qualification requirements for the position for which they receive an appointment. Veterans Employment Opportunities Act of 1988 (VEOA) Veterans qualifying under VEOA preferences include Veterans separated from active duty (3 years or more) under honorable conditions Veterans who were released shortly before completing a three year tour This act gave veterans who qualify as preference eligible and veterans with three or more years of continuous active service access to jobs that might otherwise be closed to them. When an agency advertises for candidates outside its own workforce under merit promotion procedures, it must allow these veterans to apply. Of course, all applications are subject to any area of consideration that the agency has specified on the vacancy announcement. Thus, if the agency will only accept applications from status candidates within the local commuting area, veterans who are outside the commuting area are not eligible. A basic principle for Federal Employment includes meeting the eligibility and qualification requirements for the position for which they receive an appointment they. Employment preference eligibility is determined during the process of application for a job with VA.